Einjähriges Berufskolleg Englisch
the United States senator Tom Harkin introduced a Child
Labour Deterrence Bill to block
imports into the US of any products made by children, there was widespread applause. In
Bangladesh the bill had an electric effect. Scores of textile manufacturers promptly sacked
their child workers, leaving many of them to make a living in even worse conditions.
Delwar Hossain used to spend 12 hours a day pressing shirts and packing
them for export. It was a tough life, and he has a patch of bumed skin on his arm from an
industrial accident when he was burned by an iron. But without his factory job, he had to earn
money by selling waste paper that he collected in the street. He lived with his mentally-ill
mother and was the only bread-winner. Some of the girls who lost their jobs turned to
Harkin bill is only one example of how, in the complex world of child labour, the cure can
sometimes be worse than the disease. But however damaging in its immediate effect, the bill
helped to arouse the Bangladeshi government. Along with Unicef it negotiated a deal with the
textile manufacturers to give the free jobs to family members while the children received a
government grant to attend training schools.
to the best available evidence, children in poor families sometimes contribute up to a
quarter of household income. But from a longer perspective, child labour children lose out on
education and the chance of better earning power when they become adults.
incentives should be introduced to support or compensate families for the loss of
income when children go to school rather than work. Schemes which provide small loans to
women have had a powerful effect in cutting child labour. Broad programmes of this kind may
be the only ways of dealing with the enormous amount of child labour that is almost
unreachable by law.
|Adapted from: The Guardian Weekly, November 23, 1997|
|Child Labour Deterrence Bill: Gesetz zur Bekämpfung der Kinderarbeit|